Innovation and Technology in the Transport Industry
Unfortunately, the trucking industry has been slow with innovation and technological breakthrough. For a long time, the Canadian transportation industry was hooked onto the manual pencil and paper logging of driving hours as required by the government.
However, this manual way of tracking did not help reduce fatigue related accidents as much as it was supposed to. This led to the creation of the ELD mandate. An electronic logging device, also known as the ELD, is a gadget used to collect and process a driver’s hours of service (HOS) automatically by connecting it directly to the car’s engine control module (ECM).
The Canada ELD mandate is said to be very similar to the US regulation, which was carried out on December 7, 2018.
What Is the New ELD Mandate?
The new electronic logging device mandate in Canada will be a significantly updated law which concerns onboard recording devices and their use.
Even though some fleets, can and do, receive benefits from their current automatic onboard recording devices, the new government mandate takes it to a higher level.
In its most basic form, the ELD is a device used to electronically and automatically collect data. This data is needed for hours of service compliance. The Canada ELD mandate clarifies how to provide the collected data in a standardized format. It will also show how to transmit information to law enforcement, and how a record of duty status must be graphically displayed on an ELD.
Why Is It Implemented?
First and foremost, the mandate is supposed to make the trucking and transportation industry safer. The ELD mandate will force drivers to get enough rest each day. More rested drivers are more alert drivers. Because the ELD does all of the tracking and logging, the driver will also have more personal free time while not driving.
This means no more trying to stay awake to fill out your logbook. The consequence to this is less drive time. Depending on the driver, this could hurt the pocketbook.
Another reason for the ELD mandate is for inspections. The ELD will show an extensive record of duty status. This information will be accurately and quickly conveyed to a roadside or two-way scale inspection. This will prove to save more time to both carriers and drivers.
In theory, a logistics transportation company, a fleet of trucks, or even individual drivers will benefit greatly from the ELD mandate.
The ELD´s allows for clear and thorough record keeping for safety, technical and security specifications. Besides all that, the Canada ELD mandate will continually update shipping and transportation regulations in regards to new emerging technology to help the transportation industry. As an affect, businesses will get seamless future investments in onboard technology.
Anyone required to keep records of duty status of a big/small fleet or individual operators will be required to comply.
When Will the Mandate Take Effect?
The Canada ELD mandate will take effect on the first quarter of 2019. The exact date has still not been mentioned. However, based on the US compliance date, we will know from there henceforth.
Fleets that still comply with existing exemptions such as short haul, will not require to have an ELD. Nevertheless, the earlier your company adapts the ELD, the sooner one will be expected to reap from investment (ROI), reduce driver paperwork time, and increase safety and security for the fleet.
How Does It Affect Canada?
The Canada ELD mandate is expected to impact an estimated 3 million drivers. The implementation of the ELD already went into effect on December 18, 2017, and enforcement authorities will render Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) out of service if they do not comply with ELD.
The Canadian ELD has undergone development and is being introduced in phases just like in the US. This will ensure that there is a smooth transition in ensuring cross-border regulations and enforcement are kept consistent.
Statistically, there are 30,000 trucks traveling between Canada and USA per day and over $650 billion in goods cross the US-Canada border yearly.
This milestone will impact the truck market in Canada positively, and sustain a steady and smooth flow of productivity between the US and Canada.
It is also important to know that for Canada, the ELD will be effective for trucks manufactured in 1995 or later, while the USA rucks will be 2000 or newer.
What Are The Benefits Of Implementing the Mandate in Canada?
From the horse’s mouth, the Canadian Transport Minister, Marc Garneau, stated that the mandate will make Canadian roads safer.
He also acknowledged that the Canadian Trucking Alliance had been pointing to research about an ELD mandate that would have a direct impact on reducing behaviours linked with high crash rates, such as driving over prescribed limits of service which potentially causes fatigue.
Which Are the Best ELD Suppliers In Canada?
Trimble Canada Ltd.